The prowler has taken the UK fitness scene by storm, quickly becoming a go-to exercise for gym enthusiasts and professional athletes. Its versatility, effectiveness, and ability to provide a full-body workout make the prowler sled a valuable addition to any training regimen. But have you ever wondered what’s behind this seemingly simple piece of equipment that makes it so potent? Our previous article, If I Could Only Do One Exercise: My Case for the Prowler, briefly looked into the reasons why the prowler sled stands out among other exercises.
We will now look at the science behind the prowler sled, shedding light on how it works and its effectiveness. We’ll break down this increasingly popular training method’s mechanics, physiology, and biomechanics, helping you understand its true potential. With this knowledge, you’ll be better equipped to make the most of your prowler sled workouts and experience its incredible benefits.
Understanding the Prowler Sled
A prowler sled is versatile for pushing, pulling, and dragging exercises. It typically consists of a sturdy base with upright posts or handles for gripping and a weight plate holder for adding resistance. Some prowler sleds also come with additional features, such as anchor points for attaching ropes or harnesses, making them suitable for a broader range of exercises.
Prowler sledges are usually constructed from steel, ensuring durability and stability during intense workouts. With minimal friction, the base is designed to slide smoothly on various surfaces, such as grass, artificial turf, or rubber flooring. The weight plate holder can accommodate standard or larger plates, allowing users to easily adjust the resistance to match their strength and fitness levels.
The mechanics of prowler sled training
Pushing vs. pulling
You can achieve a well-rounded, full-body workout by incorporating both pushing and pulling movements into your prowler sled workouts. Prowler sled training encompasses both pushing and pulling exercises. Pushing exercises primarily target the lower body, engaging the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and calves. On the other hand, stretching exercises work the upper body, activating the back, shoulder, and arm muscles.
Load and resistance
The key to prowler sled training lies in its ability to provide adjustable resistance by adding weight plates. Selecting an appropriate weight for your current fitness level and gradually increasing the resistance over time as you progress is essential. Increasing the load will challenge your muscles to generate more force, improving strength, power, and endurance.
Linear and lateral movements
Prowler sled training is unique in incorporating both linear and lateral movements. Linear exercises, such as forward pushes and backward pulls, focus on developing strength and power in the sagittal plane. Lateral exercises, like side, drag, and lateral pushes, target the often-neglected muscles responsible for stability and side-to-side movements in the frontal plane. You can develop a more balanced and functional physique by including both types of activities in your prowler sled training.
The Physiological Effects of Prowler Sled Training
Muscle activation and recruitment
Primary muscle groups targeted
Prowler sled training engages various muscle groups, making it an effective full-body workout. During pushing exercises, the primary muscles activated include the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and calves, while pulling exercises target the back, shoulders, and arms. Additionally, the core muscles are vital in maintaining stability and proper posture throughout the movements.
The role of stabiliser muscles
Stabiliser muscles are essential for maintaining balance, coordination, and joint alignment during exercise. Prowler sled training requires the activation of various stabiliser muscles, particularly in the core and hips, to ensure efficient force transfer and prevent injury. By strengthening these supporting muscles, you can enhance your overall athletic performance and reduce the risk of injury during other activities.
Anaerobic vs. aerobic energy systems
Prowler sled training can be tailored to target both anaerobic and aerobic energy systems, depending on the intensity and duration of your workout. Short, high-intensity intervals with heavy loads primarily engage the anaerobic energy system, promoting strength, power, and muscle growth. In contrast, longer, moderate-intensity sessions with lighter loads tap into the aerobic energy system, enhancing cardiovascular fitness and endurance.
Lactate threshold and VO2 max
Incorporating prowler sled training into your fitness routine can help improve your lactate threshold and VO2 max. The lactate threshold is when lactic acid accumulates in the muscles faster than it can be cleared, leading to fatigue. By consistently training at or near your lactate threshold, you can increase your body’s ability to tolerate and clear lactic acid, delaying the onset of fatigue. Similarly, prowler sled training can help improve your VO2 max, which measures the maximum amount of oxygen your body can utilise during intense exercise. A higher VO2 max is associated with better cardiovascular fitness and endurance.
The role of testosterone and growth hormone
Intense prowler sled training can stimulate the release of anabolic hormones, such as testosterone and growth hormone, which play a crucial role in muscle growth, recovery, and overall performance. By incorporating prowler sledge exercises into your strength training routine, you can create a favourable hormonal environment for building lean muscle mass and improving body composition.
Cortisol management and stress reduction
Prowler sled training can also aid in cortisol management and stress reduction. Exercise is known to impact stress levels positively, and the intense nature of prowler sled workouts can provide a particularly effective stress relief outlet. Additionally, regular exercise can help regulate cortisol levels, which is essential for maintaining a healthy hormonal balance and supporting overall well-being.
The Biomechanics of Prowler Sled Training
Force production and transfer
The role of ground reaction forces
Ground reaction forces play a critical role in the biomechanics of prowler sled training. When you push or pull the sled, your muscles generate force, transmitted through your body and into the ground. In response, the ground exerts an equal and opposite force that propels the sled forward. The greater the force you apply, the more significant the ground reaction forces and the faster the sled moves.
Implications for power and acceleration
Prowler sled training is an excellent way to develop power and acceleration, as it requires rapid force production to overcome the sled’s resistance. It can enhance your ability to generate force and improve your overall athletic performance, particularly in sports that require short bursts of speed and power.
Joint and movement mechanics
Hip and knee extension
Prowler sled exercises involve significant hip and knee extension, engaging the powerful muscles of the lower body. These movements mimic those involved in running, jumping, and other athletic activities, making prowler sled training an effective way to develop functional strength and mobility in the hips and knees.
Shoulder and core stability
During pushing and pulling exercises, your shoulders and core muscles work together to maintain stability and proper posture. This engagement helps develop shoulder strength and endurance while improving core stability, which is essential for overall athletic performance and injury prevention.
Optimising prowler sled technique
Proper body alignment and posture
Maintaining proper body alignment and posture is crucial for maximising the benefits of prowler sled training and minimising the risk of injury. When pushing or pulling the sled, aim to keep your spine neutral, your chest up, and your hips and knees aligned with your ankles. Engage your core muscles to provide additional support and stability.
Tips for efficient force transfer
To ensure efficient force transfer during prowler sled exercises, focus on driving through your legs and maintaining a solid connection between your feet and the ground. Avoid excessive leaning or bending at the waist, which can compromise your form and decrease the effectiveness of your workout. Additionally, pay attention to your grip on the sled’s handles or ropes, ensuring a firm but comfortable hold that allows for smooth, controlled movements.
The Benefits of Prowler Sled Training
Improved strength and power
Enhanced force production capabilities
Prowler sled training helps to develop your force production capabilities by challenging your muscles to generate high levels of force against resistance. This translates to improved strength and power, enabling you to perform better in various athletic pursuits and daily activities.
Transferable skills for other gym activities
The strength and power gains achieved through prowler sled training can enhance your performance in other gym activities, such as weightlifting, sprinting, and plyometrics. The functional movement patterns involved in pushing and pulling exercises carry over to a wide range of athletic movements, making prowler sled training a valuable addition to any fitness routine.
Increased cardiovascular fitness
The role of interval training
Prowler sled workouts can be structured as interval training sessions, alternating between high-intensity efforts and recovery periods. This approach effectively challenges your cardiovascular system, improving cardiovascular fitness, endurance, and overall work capacity.
Complement traditional cardio
Prowler sled training offers a unique alternative to traditional cardio exercises like running or cycling. By combining strength, power, and endurance work, prowler sled workouts can help break the monotony of traditional cardio routines and deliver a more comprehensive training stimulus.
Weight loss and body composition
Calorie burning and EPOC
Thanks to its high-intensity nature, Prowler sled training is an effective way to burn calories and boost your metabolism. Additionally, the intense nature of prowler sled workouts can lead to increased Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC), which means your body continues to burn calories at an elevated rate even after your training is complete.
Building lean muscle mass
By targeting multiple muscle groups and promoting the release of anabolic hormones, prowler sled training can help to stimulate muscle growth and improve body composition. As you build lean muscle mass, your resting metabolic rate increases, further enhancing your ability to lose weight and maintain healthy body composition.
Injury prevention and rehabilitation
Low-impact, functional movement patterns
Prowler sled exercises involve low-impact, functional movement patterns that closely mimic the movements required for daily activities and sports. By strengthening the muscles and joints involved in these movements, prowler sled training can help to reduce the risk of injury and enhance overall joint health.
Strengthening weak muscle groups and improving imbalances
Prowler sled training can help to address muscle imbalances and weaknesses, particularly in the lower body and core. You can decrease your risk of injury by targeting underdeveloped muscles and improving overall muscular balance.
Practical Tips for Implementing Prowler Sled Training in Your Gym Routine
When selecting a prowler sled for your gym or personal use, consider factors such as durability, weight capacity, and available features. Look for a sled made from high-quality materials with sturdy construction that can withstand heavy loads and regular use. Additional features, such as anchor points for ropes or harnesses, can provide more versatility and exercise options.
To incorporate prowler sled training into your fitness routine, schedule one or two weekly sessions, depending on your current fitness level and goals. You can combine prowler sled exercises with other strength and conditioning work or use them as standalone workouts. Experiment with different exercise variations, loads, and intervals to keep your training sessions challenging and engaging.
As with any exercise, it’s essential to progressively overload your prowler sled workouts to continue seeing improvements in strength, power, and endurance. Gradually increase the load, intensity, or duration of your activities over time, and consider periodising your training by alternating between heavier, strength-focused sessions and lighter, endurance-focused sessions.
Mistakes to avoid
To stay safe and get the most out of your prowler sled training, keep the following tips in mind:
- Ensure proper body alignment and posture during your prowler sled exercises. Avoid excessive leaning, bending at the waist, or rounding your back, which can compromise your form and increase the risk of injury.
- Remember to warm up before your workout and cool down afterwards. A dynamic warm-up that includes light aerobic exercise, mobility work, and dynamic stretching can help prepare your body for the demands of prowler sled training. After your workout, cool down with static stretches to aid recovery and maintain flexibility.
- As you progress and challenge yourself with heavier loads and more intense workouts, always listen to your body and adjust your training accordingly. If you experience pain, discomfort, or signs of overtraining, take a step back and reassess your training programme.
- If you’re new to prowler sled training, consider working with a partner or a coach to ensure you perform the exercises correctly and safely. A knowledgeable training partner or coach can also provide valuable feedback and guidance to help you get the most out of your workouts.
Prowler sledding offers a unique and effective way for people to improve their strength, power, cardiovascular fitness, and overall athletic performance. The science behind prowler sled training lies in its ability to target multiple muscle groups, engage both anaerobic and aerobic energy systems, and stimulate favourable hormonal responses. Moreover, its focus on functional movement patterns, low-impact exercises, and muscle balance makes it an excellent tool for injury prevention and rehabilitation.
If you’re looking to diversify your gym routine and experience the benefits of this versatile training method, consider trying prowler sledge training. By integrating prowler sled exercises into your training programme, you can challenge your body in new ways, break through plateaus, and unlock your full athletic potential. So, don’t hesitate to push your limits with prowler sled training and start reaping the rewards for yourself!
If you have any questions on the above or would like some advice on how we could help you with your fitness goal, don’t hesitate, visit our gym and try one of our small group personal training sessions.
- If I Could Only Do One Exercise: My Case For The Prowler
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- The Surprising Benefits of Strength Training
- When To Do Cardio for Best Results
- Full Body Workouts: Benefits, Exercise & Variations